The name Mohammed Abdullahi “Farmaajo” became well known popularly among Somali people when the former resident of TFG Sharif Sheikh Ahmed has appointed him as a prime minister of Somalia in 2010.
He has been in Somalia’s political scene for seven years or so after giving up a comfortable life in Buffalo, USA employed at the New York State Department of Transportation in Buffalo. At that time, he had been living and working in the US, where he holds dual citizenship, but he was suddenly plucked out of obscurity in the diaspora by then President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed to become prime minister.
Before farmaajo officially joined to villa Somalia; Prof Abdi Samater presented in the TV some critical points on famaajo’s master thesis titled “U.S. STRATEGIC INTEREST IN SOMALIA: From Cold War Era to War on Terror (2009) “. Samatar focused to highlight the negative aspects and incorrect themes of farmaajo thesis, particularly the section in which discussed the issues on Somali clans that farmaajo declared in his thesis chapters.
Moreover, I myself have read the thesis and agreed with Prof Samater on the highlighted points while farmaajo figured out some incorrect information about Somali clans. He divided the clans into two categories listed some of them in a box named majority while the others put in minority box. Some of Somali elites and journalists asked farmaajo the idea behind this issue? He answered claiming that he only cited references without giving a solid confirmation and justification on that issue, unfortunately these remarks caused to put in his black page.
On the other hand, once Farmaajo legally gained the attestation votes from the members of Somali parliament allowed him to serve as a prime minister he made an immediate and tangible difference on coming into office.
For the first time since 1991, he reduced the cabinet from the customary 31 members down to a core of just 18, and he ensured salaries were disbursed to government workers and soldiers who hadn’t been paid for months, an accomplishment for which he is still fondly remembered.
On 8 February, the delayed long drown out Somalia elections finally came to an end to pervasive and widespread celebrations and surprise as Mohammed Abdullahi “Farmaajo” has been elected as Somalia’s 9th president. The former prime minister was one of 21 candidates competing to be Somalia’s 9th president in a course involving 329 newly elected lawmakers.
The decision went to a second round of voting in which Farmaajo received 184 votes to incumbent Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s 97, prompting to the latter to concede peacefully, This outcome came as a huge but largely welcome shock to most.
Farmaajo took office peacefully in February after a well prepared event and a great occasion arranged by the former president Hassan Sheikh, a dual US-Somali citizen with a reputation as a technocrat , he has promised to trickle hunger , corruption and violence in Somalia which has been mired in civil war for a quarter of a century.
Somalia’s new president Farmaajo has chosen political newcomer Hassan Khaire , a former oil company executive as a prime minister and he was announced shortly before Farmaajo departed to Saudi Arabia for his first trip to the outside of the country since his election. Khaire is also a dual Norwegian citizen who once worked for Norwegian refugee council before joining British energy explorer Soma Oil and Gas.
After a while period of time, khaire announced his cabinet ministers and picked up a 27 member cabinet most of them from diaspora and also recalled some certain ministers from his predecessor’s cabinet and also included more than 15 federal MPs who were nominated as ministers, state minsters and deputy ministers; meanwhile the women got a high rate in his nominated cabinets.
But what necessary to bold up is that, the formula of nominated cabinet ministers totally mismatched with clan based formula which is constitutionally implemented since 2000.
The most of the key ministers were not balanced as previously did and also huge number of positions somehow seems that randomly selected. However, the nominated cabinet is subjected and finally approved by Somalis’ federal parliament members at date of deadline.
Finally; in order to sum up the situation of security in Mogadishu since February 8, Mogadishu facing series of attacks have underlined, despite a decade-long effort to eradicate the case in the capital of Somalia.
It has repeatedly attacked high-profile targets in Mogadishu and elsewhere in an attempt to derail since presidential polls and elections ended; the most of those security attacks hampered the daily movement of the city whereby the people of Mogadishu are looking forward to hear serious actions and positive strategies on security from their current ruling leaders.
As the president and his team come to power, it seems that nothing has been changed in the security sector. Still the lives of Somali citizens are in unpredicted danger. The numbers of explosions have deteriorated and target to clan elders (Ergooyinka iyo odayaasha dhaqanka), those who have elected Somali MPs, have also become endemic.
Different people have been killed by unknown killers and yet the response system for Farmaajos’ regime seems to be unchanged. Accountability for security personnel is not clear and that is why security officers are not asked questions about their jurisdictions instead they act as spokespersons for their institutions and condemn when horrifying actions occur.
Although, the regime has claimed to propose new policies for security reforms but this appears that it only concerns the appointment of former failed Generals and the removal of high ranking officers with expertise while the problem of insecurity still remains untouched.
These actions increased insecurity and negligence of Somali citizens lives as it created fears of losing positions to current senior and junior officers and undermined their performance and hopes.
Ahmed Sheikh Abdullahi (Maadka) is a PhD Researcher,